Fischer Z, Das R, Shipman A, Fan JY, Pence L, Bouyain S, Dobens LL. A Drosophila model of insulin resistance associated with the human Trib3 Q/R polymorphism. Dis Model Mech. 2017 Oct 12. pii: dmm.030619. doi: 10.1242/dmm.030619. PMID: 29025897.
From the abstract: "Members of the Tribbles family of proteins are conserved pseudokinases with diverse roles in cell growth and proliferation. Both Drosophila Tribbles (Trbl) and vertebrate Trib3 proteins bind to Akt kinase to block its phosphorylation-activation and reduce downstream insulin-stimulated anabolism. A single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) variant in human Trib3, which results in a glutamine (Q) to arginine (R) missense mutation in a conserved motif at position 84, confers stronger Akt binding resulting in reduced Akt phosphorylation and is associated with a predisposition to Type II diabetes, cardiovascular disease, diabetic nephropathy, chronic kidney disease and leukemogenesis. Here we used a Drosophila model to understand the importance of the conserved R residue in several Trbl functions. ..."