Allan K, Perez KA, Barnham KJ, Camakaris J, Burke R. A commonly used Drosophila model of Alzheimer's disease generates an aberrant species of amyloid-β with an additional N-terminal glutamine residue. FEBS Lett. 2014 Oct 16;588(20):3739-43. PMID: 25171862.
Abstract: "Expression of human amyloid-β (Aβ) in Drosophila is frequently used to investigate its toxicity in vivo. We expressed Aβ1-42 in the fly using a secretion signal derived from the Drosophila necrotic gene, as described in several previous publications. Surface-enhanced laser desorption/ionization TOF MS analysis revealed that the Aβ produced contained an additional glutamine residue at the N-terminus. AβQ+1-42 was found to have increased protein abundance and to cause more severe neurodegenerative effects than wild type Aβ1-42 as assessed by locomotor activity and lifespan assays. These data reveal that a commonly used model of Alzheimer's disease generates incorrect Aβ peptide."