Thursday, May 17, 2018

Study of a fly model of fragile X-syndrome suggests "a potentially general mechanism for intellectual disability"

Franco LM, Okray Z, Linneweber GA, Hassan BA, Yaksi E. Reduced Lateral Inhibition Impairs Olfactory Computations and Behaviors in a Drosophila Model of Fragile X Syndrome. Curr Biol. 2017 Apr 24;27(8):1111-1123. PMID: 28366741; PMCID: PMC5405172.

From the abstract: "Fragile X syndrome (FXS) patients present neuronal alterations that lead to severe intellectual disability, but the underlying neuronal circuit mechanisms are poorly understood. An emerging hypothesis postulates that reduced GABAergic inhibition of excitatory neurons is a key component in the pathophysiology of FXS. Here, we directly test this idea in a FXS Drosophila model. ... We provide direct evidence that deficient inhibition impairs sensory computations and behavior in an in vivo model of FXS. Together with evidence of impaired inhibition in autism and Rett syndrome, these findings suggest a potentially general mechanism for intellectual disability."

Also appearing recently, this review:

Drozd M, Bardoni B, Capovilla M. Modeling Fragile X Syndrome in Drosophila. Front Mol Neurosci. 2018 Apr 16;11:124. doi: 10.3389/fnmol.2018.00124. PMID: 29713264; PMCID: PMC5911982.

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