Chakraborty M, Selma-Soriano E, Magny E, Couso JP, Pérez-Alonso M, Charlet-Berguerand N, Artero R, Llamusi B. Pentamidine rescues contractility and rhythmicity in a Drosophila model of myotonic dystrophy heart dysfunction. Dis Model Mech. 2015 Oct 29. PMID: 26515653.
From the abstract: "Up to 80% of myotonic dystrophy type 1 (DM1) patients will develop cardiac abnormalities ... very few animal model studies have focused on the heart dysfunction in DM1. Here, we describe the characterization of the heart phenotype in a Drosophila model expressing pure expanded CUG repeats under the control of the cardiomyocyte-specific driver GMH5-Gal4. ... Similarly to what has been reported in human DM1 patients, heart-specific expression of toxic RNA resulted in reduced survival, increased arrhythmia, altered diastolic and systolic function ... As a proof of concept that the fly heart model can be used for in vivo testing of promising therapeutic compounds, we fed flies with pentamidine, a compound previously described to improve DM1 phenotypes. Pentamidine not only released Muscleblind and reduced ribonuclear formation in the Drosophila heart but rescued heart arrhythmicity and contractility, and improved fly survival in animals expressing 250 CUG repeats."