Wong CH, Nguyen L, Peh J, Luu LM, Sanchez JS, Richardson SL, Tuccinardi T, Tsoi H, Chan WY, Chan HY, Baranger AM, Hergenrother PJ, Zimmerman SC. Targeting toxic RNAs that cause myotonic dystrophy type 1 (DM1) with a bisamidinium inhibitor. J Am Chem Soc. 2014 Apr 30;136(17):6355-61. PMID: 24702247; PMCID: PMC4015652.
From the abstract: "A working hypothesis for the pathogenesis of myotonic dystrophy type 1 (DM1) involves the aberrant sequestration of an alternative splicing regulator, MBNL1, by expanded CUG repeats, r(CUG)(exp). It has been suggested that a reversal of the myotonia and potentially other symptoms of the DM1 disease can be achieved by inhibiting the toxic MBNL1-r(CUG)(exp) interaction. Using rational design, we discovered an RNA-groove binding inhibitor (ligand 3) that contains two triaminotriazine units connected by a bisamidinium linker. ... Importantly, suppression of r(CUG)(exp) RNA-induced toxicity in a DM1 Drosophila model was observed after treatment with ligand 3. These results suggest ligand 3 as a lead for the treatment of DM1."